21/02/2024
Rhinophyma

The nose has been deliberated in various ways throughout history. In ancient Greece and Rome, the beauty ideal was a straight, balanced nose. It was considered an attribute of facial harmony and it is said that they were inspired by the statue of the god Apollo to define this ideal. In the next article we will delve into Rhinophyma, we will see its causes, symptoms and treatment.

What is Rhinophyma?

Rhinophyma is a rare dermatological condition that primarily affects the nose. It is characterized by an increase in volume of the skin and nasal tissues, resulting in a larger and more deformed appearance. Although Rhinophyma is considered a severe variant of acne rosacea, its exact cause is not yet fully understood.

It generally affects men over 50 years of age, especially those who suffer from rosacea, and although it can cause aesthetic concern, it is important to note that it is not dangerous or contagious.

Rosacea is a chronic skin disease characterized by facial redness, small visible blood vessels, and breakouts of pimples. Approximately three percent of people with rosacea develop rhinophyma.

Some studies suggest that this condition is related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Others claim that chronic exposure to sunlight, excessive alcohol consumption, and certain vascular disorders may play a role in the development of Rhinophyma.

Rhinophyma occurs due to hyperplasia of the sebaceous glands with increased connective tissue in the skin of the nose, persistent redness, appearance of small visible blood vessels (telangiectasias) as well as changes in skin texture. This leads to a progressive thickening of the latter with enlargement of the sebaceous glands, resulting in a nose with a bulbous, prominent and disfigured appearance. All of which can have a significant impact on the self-esteem and quality of life of those affected.

Symptoms can vary, but generally include persistent redness, thickening of the skin on the nose, enlarged pores, and changes in its texture. As the condition progresses, there may also be an increase in the production of sebaceous glands, which can result in oily or orange peel-looking skin.

The diagnosis of Rhinophyma is generally based on the clinical appearance of the nose. In some cases a biopsy can be performed to rule out other similar conditions.

In mild to moderate cases, topical or systemic medications may be used to control symptoms and reduce inflammation. Laser treatments can also be effective in removing excess tissue and improving the appearance of the nose.

In more severe cases, surgery may be recommended to reshape the nose and correct the deformity. Surgery may involve excisional, laser, or electrosurgical techniques, depending on the patient’s individual needs.

In addition to surgery, it is important that people with Rhinophyma also maintain a proper skin care regimen. This may include using gentle, non-irritating products, avoiding the sun, and protecting the skin from excessive exposure to extreme temperatures. It is also recommended to avoid alcohol and other known rosacea triggers, as they can worsen symptoms.

It is important to note that Rhinophyma is not related to cancer and does not represent a risk to physical health. However, due to its aesthetic impact, it is essential to seek treatment to improve quality of life and restore self-confidence.

In conclusion, Rhinophyma is a dermatological condition that mainly affects the nose and is characterized by excessive thickening of the skin and nasal tissues. While its exact cause is not fully understood, there are treatment options available to improve the symptoms and appearance of the affected nose. If you think you may be experiencing Rhinophyma, I recommend that you consult a dermatologist to obtain an accurate diagnosis and discuss the right treatment options for you.

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